With the advancement of technology and the dissemination of information, assisted reproduction has become an increasingly seductive option for families who wish to fulfill their dream of becoming parents. Like the singer John Legend and model Chrissy Teigen, who have two children as a result of the procedure. However, even though everything is scientifically based and has a high success rate, there is still a number of myths that surround assisted reproduction and can often be frightening.
Artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization are the same thing
Although many believe that the two are the same procedure, in fact they are quite different. In vitro fertilization consists of the extraction of eggs and the collection of sperm in order to carry out the process of fertilization in the laboratory. After the formation of the embryo, it is transferred to the maternal uterus.
Artificial insemination is the direct transfer of sperm to the woman's uterus after ovarian stimulation. Thus, fertilization occurs naturally in the patient's body.
The patient chooses how many embryos to transfer to the uterus
It is natural that many patients wish to have this power of choice, however there are clear rules for this procedure. The Code of Ethics of the Federal Council of Medicine established 4 embryos as the maximum number that can be transferred to a woman's uterus, however depending on the patient's age this amount may be less.
Women up to 35 years old should receive a maximum of two embryos; women between 36 and 39 years old, with a limit of three embryos and women aged 40 or more, up to four embryos. This limit is intended to prevent and prevent multiple pregnancy cases.
It is possible to choose the sex of the baby
We know the anxiety to discover and choose the sex of the baby, however this is prohibited by the Code of Ethics of the Federal Council of Medicine. However, there is a single exception, which is linked to cases of genetic diseases linked to the baby's gender.
Babies coming from IVF have fragile health
There are those who believe that the baby's health can be compromised due to the form of its conception, however this is a myth. The fetus develops in the same way as a naturally conceived child.
Fertilization is 100% effective
In vitro fertilization has a high success rate, it is true, however just like any other medical procedure it can fail. Conditions will vary depending on the case, such as the quality of the eggs or sperm used and the treatment of the embryo.