As we age, our body goes through a series of changes - menopause, which is characterized by the definitive suspension of menstruation, accompanied by symptoms such as loss of bone mass and lean mass, tiredness, emotional distress, hot flashes and sweat. And it doesn't stop there, because the skin is also affected in this process.
“With the arrival of menopause and the decrease in the production of estrogen, the skin becomes thinner and more dry and the production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid decreases dramatically, which favors the acceleration of skin aging, since these substances are responsible for providing support, firmness, elasticity, volume and hydration to the skin tissue”, explains dermatologist and trichologist Dr. Kédima Nassif.
Therefore, after the start of menopause, it is important to redouble daily skin care. And the first care must start with the choice of cosmetics, which must be adequate to meet the needs of the skin at this age.
“Opt for milder soaps that do not harm the skin, thus avoiding worsening of dryness, and for cosmetics formulated with highly moisturizing assets capable of strengthening the skin barrier. In addition, it is also worth betting on antioxidant and rejuvenating ingredients, such as vitamin C, resveratrol, retinol and alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid”, advises the doctor. And of course, more than ever, we must not forget the photoprotector, which must have at least SPF 30 and be applied daily in the morning, being reapplied every two hours.
However, Dr. Kédima points out that it is important to choose products that are free of irritating substances, as the woman's skin becomes more sensitive at this stage. "Avoid mainly cosmetics with fragrances, which are among the main causes of irritation, as they can cause even more dehydration and damage the skin's protective barrier," he says. Therefore, it is best to opt for hypoallergenic products, which are more natural and less synthetic.
In addition to topical care, it is also important to invest in healthy habits that help maintain the health of the body, including having good nights sleep, avoiding smoking and drinking plenty of water daily. "Also adopt a balanced diet rich mainly in antioxidants, which are present in foods such as berries, citrus fruits, cinnamon and fish rich in omega-3, such as salmon and sardines", recommends the expert. Also try to exercise regularly.
"Physical activity is important for the skin in several aspects, since it reduces the level of cortisol, improves elasticity, acts in the control of acne and oiliness, strengthens the skin's protective barrier and prevents premature aging."
However, in cases where the woman feels great aesthetic discomfort due to the effects of menopause on the skin, it is possible to opt for aesthetic treatments in the office, such as collagen biostimulators. "Biostimulators promote deep hydration of the skin and stimulate the production of new collagen, which improves the firmness and elasticity of the skin, smoothing out wrinkles and flaccidity", highlights the dermatologist. “Another interesting option is filling with hyaluronic acid, which, in addition to adding volume to the face and reducing the appearance of lines, stimulates the natural production of the substance, making the skin more hydrated”, she adds.
There are also non-invasive options, such as laser and pulsed light, which are able to rejuvenate and even out skin tone, and radio frequency and microfocused ultrasound, technologies that are especially effective in combating sagging to rescue facial contour and firmness. skin. “Therefore, when entering menopause, the ideal is that, in addition to a gynecologist, you should also visit your dermatologist, who will be able to review your skin's needs to recommend the best care routine or indicate the most appropriate treatments to combat the signs aging”, concludes Dr. Kédima Nassif.